Agriculture in Ghana is as important as air is to human life. In Ghana, farming is one of the key contributors to the country’s economy. The agricultural sector has seen significant growth since 2007, accounting for 32 percent of the national GDP in 2009 and has been declining over the subsequent years. In 2013, though the estimates show a progress in the growth of the sector, 5.2 percent in 2013, against 2.3 percent in 2012, its contribution to the economy continues to decline, with its share reducing from 23.0 percent in 2012 of GDP to 22.0 percent in 2013. This declination in no doubt has contributed significantly to the economic difficulty that has engulfed the nation.
To realize true economic development in Ghana, agriculture cannot be neglected and cannot be treated with apathy. Knowing how important this sector is to Ghana’s Economy, President Akufo-Addo has announced his plans to modernize and change agriculture in his tenure as president. At the 68th New Year School of the University of Ghana, the president gave a hint on the strategy he intends to use, which is to modernize the agriculture sector and make it attractive the youth. This paces the youth at the center of this transformational agenda. President Akufo-Addo also mentioned that this new strategy will be implemented with key players like traditional institutions and district assemblies across the country.
Interestingly, the national economic plan (Ghana Vision 2020) launched in 1995, projects Ghana as the first African nation to become a developed country between 2020 and 2029 and a newly industrialized country between 2030 and 2039 through the integration of science and technology in governmental programs, including in the agricultural sector. Certainly the policies been put in place by the Ghana Government is in place and will contribute greatly to the realization of this vision.
To promote and increase people’s indulgence in agriculture in the country, Dr. Owusu Afriyie-Akoto, Minister Designate-Food and Agriculture, mentioned the government’s intention to launch the ‘Planting for Food and Jobs’ campaign. This campaign scheduled to begin in March 2017, seeks to encourage citizens, institutions and investors to consider agriculture as a viable occupation. The Government, as part of the campaign will be distributing farm inputs, providing extension officers and modernized farming equipment to ensure maximum outputs are realized across the country. This initiative is expected to create about 750, 000 jobs for the youth, according to the Agriculture Minister Nominee.
There is hope for Ghana’s economy because there is hope for Ghana’s agricultural sector and with the Ghana’s youthful demography, human resource is assured pending the ability of the Government to implement the above initiatives in a sincere manner.
A Nation Without Food Is No Nation!
WRITER- Jacob Kwasi Amengor-Senior Content Creator & Environmentalist, ThreesixtyGh
 Ghana is the world’s second larger producer of cocoa, which is its main agri-food export and provides annual export revenues of over US$ 2 billion. WTO, 2014, World Trade Policy Review, Ghana, available at: http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s298_e.pdf
 Final 2012 Gross Domestic Product & Revised 2013 Gross Domestic Product. GSS, 2014, Ghana Statistical Service, available at: www. statsghana.gov.gh
 Food and Agriculture Policy Decision Analysis, Ghana. FAO, 2015, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.